Obesitycontributes to anovulation and menstrual irregularities, reduced conception rate and a reduced response to fertilitytreatment. It also increases miscarriage and contributes to maternal and perinatal complication.
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How does obesity affect female reproductive health?
The rising prevalence of obesity has had a profound impact on female reproductive health. Increased body mass index (BMI) is associated with ovulatory subfertility and anovulatory infertility. Overweight and obese women have poorer outcomes following fertility treatment.
Is there a link between obesity and infertility?
There is a high prevalence of obese women in the infertile population and numerous studies have highlighted the link between obesity and infertility. Obesity contributes to anovulation and menstrual irregularities, reduced conception rate and a reduced response to fertility treatment.
How do overweight and obese women respond to fertility treatments?
Overweight and obese women have lower outcomes following fertility treatments than normal population. They poorly respond to induction of ovulation, require higher doses of gonadotropins and longer treatment courses for follicular development and ovulatory cycles.
What are the factors that affect fertility?
Obesity, hyperandrogenism and anovulation- Obesity, body fat location as upper versus lower body disposition, and muscle mass have important effects on the reproductive function and fertility.