Obesitycontributes to anovulation and menstrual irregularities, reduced conception rate and a reduced response to fertilitytreatment. It also increases miscarriage and contributes to maternal and perinatal complication.
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How does obesity affect female reproductive health?
The rising prevalence of obesity has had a profound impact on female reproductive health. Increased body mass index (BMI) is associated with ovulatory subfertility and anovulatory infertility. Overweight and obese women have poorer outcomes following fertility treatment.
Is there a link between obesity and infertility?
There is a high prevalence of obese women in the infertile population and numerous studies have highlighted the link between obesity and infertility. Obesity contributes to anovulation and menstrual irregularities, reduced conception rate and a reduced response to fertility treatment.
Do gonadotrophins affect fertility outcomes among overweight and obese women?
Gonadotrophin requirements are higher in overweight and obese women who have an increased incidence of poor ovarian response. A systematic review of IVF outcomes among overweight and obese women demonstrated that the dose of gonadotrophins required was higher in women with BMI of25 kg/m2[weighted mean difference (WMD) 210.08]
What is the relationship between BMI and infertility?
We know that women with a BMI over 30kg/M2 are three times more likely to suffer from infertility. In the UK, we do not collect data on the prevalence of obesity in women in the reproductive age group (between 19 to 50 years of age).