what is fertilization in biology

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Fertilization is theprocess by which male and female gametes are fused together, initiating the development of a new organism. The male gamete or 鈥檚perm鈥? and the female gamete, 鈥檈gg鈥?or 鈥檕vum鈥?are specialized sex cells, which fuse together to begin the formation of a zygote during a process called sexual reproduction.

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  • What is fertilization in plants?

  • In plants, fertilization is a process of sexual reproduction, which occurs after pollination and germination. Fertilization can be defined as the fusion of the male gametes (pollen) with the female gametes (ovum) to form a diploid zygote. It is a physicochemical process which occurs after the pollination of the carpel.

  • What is the process of fertilization in mammals?

  • Fertilization Process. In mammals, after ejaculation, the sperm locates the oocyte (the immature egg), through changes in temperature and chemical gradients. Sperm chemotaxis, a type of interaction in which sperm cells are guided to the oocyte to the hormone progesterone, which is secreted by the oocyte, and sperm thermotaxis,…

  • What is the result of fertilization Quizlet?

  • The result of fertilization is a cell (zygote) capable of undergoing cell division to form a new individual. The fusion of two gametes initiates several reactions in the egg. One of these causes a change in the egg membrane(s), so that the attachment of and penetration by more than one spermatozoon cannot occur.

  • What is another name for fertilization?

  • Alternative Titles: fusion, syngamy. Fertilization, union of a spermatozoal nucleus, of paternal origin, with an egg nucleus, of maternal origin, to form the primary nucleus of an embryo.

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